Ways To Use It

Python package from PyPI

Get the package with:

pip3 install richdem

And use:

import richdem

The command:


provides all the relevant documentation.

Python package from source

Enter the wrappers/pyrichdem directory and run:

python3 setup.py install --user

As A Command-line Tool

To get the command-line tools, install the Python package with:

pip3 install richdem

The command-line tools are all named rd_*, so typing rd_ on your command- line and hitting tab a few times should give you the full list of what’s available.

As A Library

As an overview, upon compilation, point your library search path to the richdem/include directory. Include various files using, e.g.

#include "richdem/common/Array2D.hpp"

All files include extensive documentation. At this stage the location of certain functions may be subject to change. This will be noted in the NEWS file. (TODO)

More concretely, there are a number of compilation options to consider. With the GCC compiler the flag FLAG is activated by passing the -DFLAG command-line argument.

  • NOPROGRESS turns off progress bars
  • RICHDEM_DEBUG turns on line numbers and filenames in RichDEM’s output
  • RICHDEM_LOGGING turns on outputs such as notices about memory allocation, intermediate products, various progress indicators, and so on. Enabling this requires inclusion of the richdem.cpp file.
  • RICHDEM_GIT_HASH. this should be set to the git hash of the code you checked out. A value of RICHDEM_GIT_HASH=$(git rev-parse HEAD) is usually good.
  • RICHDEM_COMPILE_TIME. Date and time the code was compiled. A value of RICHDEM_COMPILE_TIME=$(date -u +'%Y-%m-%d %H:%M:%S UTC') is usually good.
  • USEGDAL. Indicates that GDAL functionality should be included in the library. This allows reading/writing rasters from various file types. It also complicates compilation slightly, as discussed below.
  • NDEBUG turns off a bunch of range-checking stuff included in the standard library. Increases speed slightly, butm akes debugging crashes and such more difficult.

Setting up compilation works like this:

CXXFLAGS="--std=c++11 -g -O3 -Wall -Wno-unknown-pragmas -Irichdem/include"

C++11 or higher is necessary to compile. Include other RichDEM flags as desired. Note that the -g flag doesn’t slow things down, though it does increase the size of your executable somewhat. It’s inclusion is always recommended for anything other than distributed production code because it makes debugging much easier. The -O3 flag should be replaced by an optimization level or set of your choice. -Wno-unknown-pragmas hides warning messages from OpenMP if you choose not to compile with it. -Wall produces many helpful warning messages; compiling without -Wall is foolish. -Irichdem/include connects your code with RichDEM.

If you plan to use GDAL, include the following:

GDAL_LIBS="`gdal-config --libs`"
GDAL_CFLAGS="`gdal-config --cflags` -DUSEGDAL"

If you plan to use RichDEM’s parallel features include the following:

LIBS=”$LIBS -fopenmp”

Finally, put it all together:

g++ $CXXFLAGS -o my_program.exe my_program.cpp $LIBS

As A Handy Collection of Tools

Running make in the apps directory will produce a large number of useful scripts which are essentially wrappers around standard uses of the RichDEM libraries. The [apps/README.md](apps/README.md) file and the apps themselves contain documentation explaining what they all do.

For Processing Large Datasets

The programs directory contains several programs which have not been converted to libraries. This is usually because their functionality is specific and they are unlikely to be useful as a library. Each directory contains a makefile and a readme explaining the purpose of the program.